CURRENT STATE ANALYSIS
The current state analysis especially highlighted preserving the diversity of business activities, developing internationally competitive key competence and ensuring RDI investments and growth business development as factors that were particularly relevant.
The basis of the city region’s economic strategy is the economic policies of the cities and municipalities, which are reflected in their own municipal or city strategies, economic strategies or economic development programmes. The region’s strategy policies have many things in common: a favourable attitude toward business, regional cooperation, inclusion, courage, transparency, responsibility, renewal, activeness and sustainable development. Town planning that meets the needs of the business sector and a good business-customer experience are also vital.
The competitiveness of regional business requires support for the emergence of new business activities and the promotion of the reshaping of existing business activities. It requires both specialisation in the internationally competitive key competences and the preservation of a diverse business structure. In European regional development, the focus is clearly on specialisation. After the development phase, which emphasised clusters, the smart specialisation model has been brought to the core of regional development. In business-driven development, limited resources are directed toward regional strengths in a way that serves the region’s future.
The economic strategy of the Tampere city region supports specialisation by strengthening key competences and business ecosystems which allow the region to take a leading role internationally. In addition to the leading competences, the strategy will strengthen the diversity of the economic fabric of the region. It helps prevent dependence on a single industry and thus vulnerability to, for example, disruption of industry and changes in world markets.
How does the current state of economic activity in the city region look in the light of statistics? The city region’s stock of enterprises now focuses in particular on professional, scientific and technical enterprises (16%; 4,000 enterprises), commerce (15%; 3,700) and construction (13%; 3,200). The share of manufacturing of the total stock of enterprises is 7% (1,800 enterprises) and that of the information and communication fields six per cent (1,500 companies). In 2018, most of the net increase of new enterprises was generated in the fields of professional activities (net increase of 206 enterprises), construction (net increase of 109) and information and communication (+99). Also in the fields of the experience economy, i.e. art, entertainment and recreation, the stock of enterprises very clearly picked up (net increase 93).
Figure 3, below, compares the industry’s weight in the current enterprise structure with the distribution of net increases for new enterprises in 2018. If the relative net increase (turquoise line) exceeds the current share of the industry in the enterprise structure (blue bar), the sector has been in a dynamic state of renewal and is growing in importance in the enterprise structure of the city region.
 Statistics Finland: Stock of enterprises Q1–Q4 2018.
 Business Tampere, 2019: Analysed data on the vitality of the Tampere city region, situation as at 22 August 2019.